Lighthouses appeal to the imagination and the world are places with a lighthouse a bit special. From Egmonders, and many of them, intense love of 'their' tower that determines the appearance of the village. In many houses Egmonders, hier of elders, hangs 'tower' on the wall. The light of the 'Jan van Speyk' is 37 meters above sea level and the light characteristic that stands in the handbooks for shipping, five seconds and five seconds.
It is perhaps the most photographed and painted building from miles around. In earlier years, the tower had different forms and there are many pictures of. At all hours of the day and in any weather condition crosses the beautiful white tower in a different way against the sky. At dusk and darkness falls the light of the faithful watchman for the village.
The heavy burden of beacon stoker, lighthouse keeper, coast guard or lighthouse keeper has long exercised in Egmond aan Zee centuries. Originally they overnight high on 'four fines "keep the fires burning for returning fishermen to lead the way. Moreover, many lugging wood and later coal to pass. In 1835 The new lighthouses have a lens system and the lamp oil, which means that one of the two guards on duty tower is constantly trying to keep the lenses and windows free of soot.
With the advent of electricity in 1922, the tower is adjusted and also one replaces the rectangular windows by round. From 1949 the Coast Guard is in a cottage on the lighthouse dune. At night and in the daytime storm, is the man at his post and must stay awake to see while seldom anything happens.
(Source: Museum van Egmond)
Of Zuidertoren got four floors. Because this was put down at the site of the old lighthouse, This was the highest lighthouse. Teunis Planteydt, the four year old son of shipowner Cornelis Planteydt, put on 8 May, the first stone.
Of North Tower was treated with 6 storeys the tallest tower.
The shape of both towers, the same brick. A round smooth pillar, which was narrows towards the top, with a top plate which was provided with toothed edges. Above that the light came home with circulation and balustrade. The bluestone flooring layers on iron beams and each floor had a window, that arc and was divided into six. The faint sting curved staircases had a handrail on the inside. Came into both towers Fresnellichten diameter 1 The (meter). The work was in 1834 completed.
North Tower is monument
On 5 August 1831 let lieutenant Jan Carel Josephus Speyk his gunboat in Belgium in the air flying. With liked him 25 crew and some Belgians death.
On 11 King William I in February announced that from now on always the Dutch Navy must have a ship into service that the name JCJ. Speyk of bears.
The board of Collegie Zeemanshoop brought f. 30.000 together, so that a monument could be erected. To finance this monument a lottery was organized. Take care 15 december 1834 the North Tower was converted into Van Speyk Monument.
National memorial. 1838
Architect Jan David Zocher senior was commissioned an existing building (North Tower) to create a memorial. By removing the windows in the front road and the smooth shaft only by giving some relief decoration, he attempted a unity between the tower (needle) in basis (tomb) to create.
The masonry sarcophagus was with Bremer stone plates coated.. The lantern kept its original form, all of the eight ribs were thereof
semicircular iron columns.
The larger than life statue of a lion, designed by sculptor Louis Royer, In August 1841 placed on the basement. (I put a picture of the lion created by Cootje Bronner there.
The South Tower was 1919 for f. 275,- sold, and then is cut off.
First tower of the summit was demolished. Then the tower was extended by five feet. The wooden stairs were replaced by an iron spiral staircase. The wooden floors were turned into stone spaces. For the square windows were round instead. Finally, the tower was plastered and connected to the mains. The white group interrupted light could 1000 hour burn.
The emergency lighting was working on gas.
In 1967 The tower is a national monument
During the reconstruction in 1968 the head was lifted, removed the old circuit and the new observation, designed by F. de Ruijter put in between. The angled windows formed a striking detail. The advent of radar made it unnecessary for the skylight for the navigation of aircraft of glass had to be. The roof was fitted with a new cover with brass plates. The weather vane was restored.
The advent of satellite extinguished from 1980 many lighthouses and lightships all their lights. The digital functions of the Coast Guard in Egmond were a central, national coastguard acquired. After a reorganization could radar stations in Den Helder and IJmuiden cover the entire coast of North Holland, allowing visual observation was superfluous. Bert de Boer, in the 1978 as lighthouse keeper entered service was, object was to administrator 1990.
The tower is still used as a landmark for locating and monitoring equipment on board ships and certainly for recreational, who often works without ultramodern navigation, indispensable. KNRM used the tower in activities and exercises. Rijkswaterstaat can keep an eye on the tower with the installed cameras sand replenishment for the coast.
Egmond aan Zee stand , after a break of 1 year, Again some poem signs of Plexiglas to a portion of the boulevard and on the lookout dune behind the lighthouse. In the context of 175 year-lighthouse monument Speijk , Literary Working Group Egmont has selected poems, which often is a nod to the romantic ode to the sea. Seven poems with sea and lighthouse are worth a stroll.